How to Fix Water Hardness in Your Home or Business
Wednesday, February 10, 2016
Struggling With Water Hardness?
If you are struggling with water hardness, there is no need to feel helpless. Most hard water problems can be dealt with relatively simply by using modern technology. If you are unsure whether you need to fix water hardness in your home or business, or what to do about it in case you do, contact us for a consultation. In this post we will go more into depth with what hard water is, as well as give ways to solve the problem for your home or business.
The Definition of Hard Water
Hard water contains dissolved minerals with a positive electrical charge. Usually, this means that you have calcium or magnesium dissolved in your water. Hard water causes a number of practical problems for the homeowner. These include lathering problems with soaps and detergents, making it difficult to wash dishes and laundry, or shower or bathe. Limescale deposits build up and damage pipes, plumbing and appliances. It is recommended then, that hard water problems are dealt with.
How To Fix Hard Water
The most effective and economical way to fix hard water is to install a water softener.
Water softeners safely remove hardness from water by using a process called ion exchange. Ion exchange lowers the hardness levels by switching the positively charged minerals with harmless positively charged minerals by a simple process known as "natural reaction."
Water enters the water system in your home where it immediately enters the water softener and is treated. As this is a "point of entry" system, all the water that enters your home is treated. First the water flows over resin beads which carry a negative charge and attract the positively charged minerals. Then the water navigates its way through a briny solution where sodium is added. Once the water has passed through this process any remaining hardness will be at acceptable levels.
Note - Although the amount of sodium added is very small, it may be a concern for those who have health concerns requiring a low sodium diet.
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An alternative method for removing hardness from water is known as reverse osmosis.
The technology behind reverse osmosis (RO) is relatively simple. It consists of a semipermeable membrane which safely removes larger particulates from the water you drink. Only certain molecules are able to pass through the membrane depending upon their size, chemistry or solubility. Families or businesses that are health conscious will often turn to a reverse osmosis system to inexpensively improve the quality of their water supply.
If the water that is entering the system comes from a well or other private source other than the municipal system, you may need to treat the water with disinfectants and pre-filters before it reaches the reverse osmosis system. As chlorinated water can damage the reverse osmosis membrane, those on municipal systems may also wish to pre-filter the water.
Choosing a Reverse Osmosis System
Reverse osmosis systems can cost between $400 and $2500 depending upon the unit required. Permanent basement systems are more expensive than portable under-the-sink systems.
Reverse osmosis units are rated according to the amount of water they can treat in a day. Have a professional examine your water conditions and requirements to assist you in making the best choice.
For more information about hard water and what treatment option is right for your home, contact us at Watersmart. We will assist you in making the correct choice for solving your water problems and providing you with the water you deserve. Most installations can be done in a few hours or less.