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Kitchener Water Hardness Issues and Solutions

In this post, we will look at a very relevant topic for our city: Kitchener water hardness issues and solutions. Kitchener is a beautiful place to live, but it does have some unique water hardness challenges. Don't worry, however, these issues can be overcome! Read on to find out more about Kitchener's water hardness issues and discover some helpful solutions. If you are concerned about the hardness of your water and would like to do something about it, contact the knowledgeable and helpful staff at WaterSmart today.

 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543

 

"My wife and I recently purchased a home that did not have a water softener since the house was built.  One company advised us to use the plumbing stack for drainage because of the location of the main water pipe, this was understandable. However, Watersmart advised us with a better alternative. Since they were licensed plumbers, they were able to find a location to cut some water pipes, and install the water softener near our laundry drain.  They are very skilled professionals, and have great customer service. We also bought a reverse osmosis from them. They gave us detailed instructions on how to operate the softener and reverse osmosis. I would recommend these guys. Thank you Watersmart."
- William
Read more customer testimonials

 

Kitchener Water Hardness Issues and Solutions

Image Source: flickr: wm_archiv| Via Creative Commons 


Kitchener Water Hardness Issues and Solutions

 

As you read on, you will discover what it means that Kitchener's water is hard, how hard it actually is compared to the rest of Canada, why hard water is a problem, and what can be done to solve this problem.

 

What Does It Mean That Kitchener Has Hard Water?

 

This means that the water in Kitchener contains large amounts of dissolved minerals such as calcium and magnesium. 80% of Kitchener's water is groundwater.  The groundwater in Kitchener is hard, meaning that it has naturally occurring dissolved calcium and magnesium. You can learn more about water hardness by clicking here. Water hardness is measured in milligrams per litre, which can also be called parts per million or ppm. Another very common way to refer to your water hardness is in grains per U.S. gallon (gpg).

 

 

How Hard Is Kitchener's Water?

 

Kitchener has some of the hardest water in all of Canada. The city ranges between 17 and 36 grains per gallon (gpg) or 291 and 615 parts per million (ppm). The water hardness average across Canada is only 10.5 gpg. That means that Kitchener's water is about 2 to 3 times harder than the Canadian average! To put that into perspective, look at the following chart which shows the water hardness level of various cities across Canada.

 

Source: www.cwqa.com/

 

What Is The Water Hardness Level Where I Live

 

There is quite a large range of water hardness in different areas of Kitchener. The hardest water in Kitchener is found in the area located north of the Conestoga Parkway between Lakeside Drive and Charles Street, south of Victoria Street, and also the Hidden Valley area by Wabanaki and River Birch Street. To find out the exact level of hardness for your area click here.

 

Why Is Hard Water An Issue?

 

Kitchener Water Hardness Issues and Solutions

 

Even though there are no apparent health risks to drinking hard water, some people find the taste unpleasant. Even though it is safe to drink, having hard water can cause a number of issues in your home. Some of these problems are:

  • Damage to your dishwasher, washing machine, and hot water heater due to mineral build-up
  • Calcium build-up in your shower
  • Sink and toilet bowl stains
  • Damage to your plumbing pipes
  • Difficulties getting your dishes and laundry clean
  • Damage to your clothing causing it to wear out faster

 

Kitchener Water Hardness Solutions

 

Installing a water softener will remove the minerals and make your water soft. To find out how a water softener removes these minerals, click here.  There are many different types of water softeners on the market. It is important to purchase a water softener that can handle the amount of hardness in your water, keeping up with the amount of water that your family uses. To determine the size of water softener that you require, click here.

 

Where Should I Buy A Water Softener?

 

Plumber Series

 

Econo II Series

 

Premier Series

 

Signature Series

 

 

Because of the unique and challenging water hardness issues found in the city of Kitchener, it is a good idea to purchase a water softener from a company that is familiar with the Kitchener area. WaterSmart is a locally owned and operated Kitchener business. For over 25 years, we have been helping the residents of Kitchener solve their hard water issues.

 

The professionals at WaterSmart can help you calculate your exact water hardness level and corresponding softening needs to determine the appropriate softener for you. We will then install and program your softener so that it operates with the highest efficiency. We will also teach you how to operate and maintain it. Contact the water softener experts at WaterSmart today, and we will gladly answer all of your water-related questions.

 

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What Size Water Softener For Family Of 4?

Do you need to purchase a water softener and are wondering what size water softener is sufficient for a family of 4? This post can help. It may be a daunting task to know which size to purchase, so we have outlined an easy formula to calculate exactly which softener capacity will best suit your family's unique specifications. If you are looking for a trustworthy, local, and reliable company to buy your new water softener from, look no further than the experts at WaterSmart. Contact us today and we will answer any questions you may have.

 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543
 

"Absolutely wonderful! After getting many quotes, checking quality of units, warranty and businesses through the BBB, I chose to go with Watersmart Systems. Best equipment, price, warranty, and people!! The gentlemen that came and installed the unit were professional and polite. I will definitely be recommending this company!!"

- Kim Pickles

Read More Customer Comments


 

 

How to Know The Right Size Of Water Softener For Your Family

 

Step 1: Figure Out Your Average Daily Water Use Per Person In Gallons.

 

According to Watersoftenerfacts.ca http://watersoftenerfacts.ca/softener-buyers-guide/ the average person in the Waterloo Region consumes about 195 litres (51.5 US gallons) of water per day. You can use this number in your calculation.

 

OR

 

If you would like to be more accurate do the following. Take a look at either your fall or winter water bills. This will give you a better idea of your indoor water usage since during these months you are not using water outside. To calculate your household's average daily water use, divide your fall or winter water consumption (given in cubic metres) by the number of billing days for that billing period. You will find both of these amounts on your bill. Convert cubic metres to gallons by multiplying by 264.

 

what size water softener for family of 4

 

Step 2: Multiply Your Average Daily Water Use By The Number Of People In Your Household

 

Take the number that you calculated in step 1 and multiply it by the number of people in your household.

 

Step 3: Determine Your Water Hardness Level

 

You can determine your actual water hardness level by looking at the maps of the Kitchener-Waterloo, Cambridge, and Guelph Regions provided here.  The following chart will also give you a rough idea of the water hardness level in your area. If you are using a private well you should get your water hardness and iron tested separately in order to get your hardness rating.

 

Source: Softener Buyers Guide 

 

 

Step 4: Calculate The Grains Per Day Of Hardness That Your Softener Will Need To Remove.

 

Plug your household's figures into the following equation to determine the Grains of Hardness needed to be removed daily by a water softener.

 

What Size Water Softener For Family of 4

 

Using the above formula, you can calculate what size water softener is needed for a family of 4 living in Waterloo and using 50 gallons of water per day per person as follows.

 

4 people X 50 gallons of water X 26 gpg = 5,200 grains per day

 

Suggested Softener Size

 

The following chart gives you the recommended water softener size to purchase according to the grains of hardness needed to be removed for your household each day.

 

Source: Softener Buyers Guide 

According to our sample family of 4 above using 5,200 grains per day, the recommended size of softener they should buy is one with a 40,000 grain capacity.


Why Is It Important To Choose The Right Size of Softener?

 

Choosing the right size water softener is important.  According to watersoftenerfacts.ca, http://watersoftenerfacts.ca/softener-buyers-guide/ it is estimated that "134,723 household water softeners use at least 2.7 billion litres of water and 44,700 tonnes of salt every year. To put that in perspective, it is equal to more than 10 Olympic-sized swimming pools and about one third of the weight of the CN Tower in salt!" The right sized softener will operate more efficiently, use less salt and less water, which is good for the environment and will help you save money.

 

How To Install a Water Softener

 

The following video shows you how to install a water softener. If you purchase a water softener from WaterSmart, we will install and program it for you correctly, free of charge. We will also go over how to operate and maintain it.

 

 

The Watersmart Advantage

 

At WaterSmart we carry an excellent line of water softeners that we are proud to install and maintain. We have been serving the tri-city region for more than 25 years so we understand the unique water softening challenges of this area. If you are considering installing a water softener in the Kitchener-Waterloo, Cambridge, or Guelph area, contact us today for a professional consultation and installation.

 

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Fun Facts About Drinking Water

Here is a collection of 21 fun facts about drinking water and water statistics. Water plays a big part in our daily lives; we can't live without it. You might think that you know everything that there is to know about H20, but we just might surprise you. Read on to test your knowledge about this amazingly simple yet important substance. If you have hard water or if you are not happy with the state of your home water supply, contact the water softener and home water system specialists at WaterSmart.

 


 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Purchased a water softener, price was reasonable, sales staff was very informative and not pushy. Install was quick and clean and he gave instructions on the unit. I would highly recommend Watersmart Systems."

- Rob Morgan 

Read More Customer Comments

 

21 Fun Facts about drinking water

 

1. Out of the estimated 326 million trillion gallons of water on earth, only 0.007 percent is available to drink. Source: "How Much Water is There on Earth?"

 

2. On average a molecule of water will be 9 suspended days in the atmosphere, 2 weeks flowing in a river, 10 years floating in a large lake, 3,000 to 5,000 years sailing in an ocean, 10,000-100,000 or more years trapped underground, and 10,000 to 1,000,000 or more years frozen in an Antarctic ice cap. Source: Roddick, Anita. Troubled Water. Boulder, CO: Chelsea Green Publishing Company, 2004

 

 

3. About seventy to seventy-five percent of the earth is totally covered with water. Source: All About Water

 

4. Because the earth is a closed system it means that doesn't lose or gain extra matter. This means that the exact same water that was on the earth when it first came into being is still here today. Source: All About Water

 

5. There are about one million miles of pipeline and aqueducts in total in the U.S. and Canada. That is enough to go around the globe about 40 times. Source: "Stats on Tap." American Water Works Association. Accessed: June 23, 2017.

 

6.  In the network of U.S. water systems there are over 600,000 miles of pipes. Source: "Stats on Tap." American Water Works Association. Accessed: June 23, 2017.

 

 

7. Water never goes bad so why do water bottles have an expiration date? The date is actually for the bottle itself. It expires."Water Never Goes Bad, So Why Does It Need An Expiration Date?" Smithsonian.  February 15, 2013. Accessed: June 23, 2017

 

8. Seventy percent of our bodies are made up of water. Source: All About Water

 

9. It is a myth that drinking water can help keep your skin moist.The moisture level of skin is determined by external factors such as skin cleansing, the environment, the number of oil glands and how they function. When you drink water it does not reach the top layer of the skin. Source: Everyday Health

 

10. When a baby is born, about eighty per cent of its body weight is water. All About Water

 

 

11. If you are healthy, you are able to drink approximately 48 cups of water per day. Source: All About Water

 

12. If you drink too much water too quickly it can dilute the sodium levels in your bloodstream which can cause an imbalance of water in the brain. This is known as water intoxication. Source: All About Water

 

13. It is a myth that everyone needs to drink 8 glasses of water a day. The Institute of Medicine recommends that women drink about 2 liters or 8 glasses and men should drink about 3 liters or 12 glasses of any liquid per day, not just water.

 

14. Water is able to dissolve more substances than any other liquid. Wherever it goes, water can pick up and carry chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it. Source: All About Water

 

15. By the time you begin to feel thirsty, your body has already lost more than 1 percent of its total water. Source: All About Water

 

16. After you do intense physical activity, the weight that you lose is actually water weight and not fat. Source: All About Water

 

 

17. You can live for about a month without eating, however, you can only live about one week without drinking water. Water is absolutely vital for your survival. Source: All About Water

 

18. All of the nutrients in your body primarily move through your body by water. Source: All About Water

 

19. Water is essential for proper circulation. Source: All About Water

.

20. If you suffer from joint or back pain, drinking water may significantly reduce your pain. Source: All About Water

 

21. Kitchener and Waterloo have some of the hardest water levels in all of Canada. Source: Canadian Water Quality Association

 

Do You Have More Water Questions?

 

If you have more questions about your home water or you are unsure about the best treatment system for your drinking water, contact the experts at WaterSmart. We have been advising our customers in Kitchener, Waterloo, Cambridge, Guelph, and the surrounding areas since 1994. You can trust us to provide your family with a line of water treatment products guaranteed to supply conditioned, clean, and safe water to your home.

 

 

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Do You Know What Is In Water?

Have you ever wondered what is in water? Is the water that you drink from your tap just water? You'd be surprised how many possible contaminants could be floating around in your water. We have put together a helpful infographic that will list all of the possible contaminants that could be found in tap or private well water. If you are interested in finding out how you can get rid of unwanted substances in your water supply,  contact the water experts at WaterSmart. We can answer all of your questions regarding water filtration systems, including the benefits of installing a reverse osmosis water system.

 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Purchased a water softener, price was reasonable, sales staff was very informative and not pushy. Install was quick and clean and he gave instructions on the unit. I would highly recommend Watersmart Systems." - Rob Morgan
Read More Customer Comments
 

Infographic - Do You Know What Is In Water?

 

The following infographic will show you most of the possible contaminants found in tap and private well water. Different substances can enter our water from different sources. Minerals such as calcium and magnesium come from underground water sources. According to the Water Quality Association, if you live close to an agricultultural area, contaminants such as pesticides and fertilizers may be present in your water. If you are using a private well as your water source, it is advisable to get your water tested on a regular basis, at least once per year.

 

 

Sources:

 

Common Waterborne Contaminants

 

Water Group - Removal Comparison of Drinking Water Contaminants Informational Handout

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Water Softeners - An Overview of Pros and Cons of Products

Water softeners are usually considered a necessity in the Kitchener-Waterloo region, as most residents find themselves having to deal with the problems associated with the extremely hard water of our region. Hard water can build up and do damage to pipes and appliances which use water, so it is important to do something to soften your water to prolong their life. But what type of water softening solution is the best? We have put together an overview of the most common water softening options, including salt-free water softeners, traditional water softeners, reverse osmosis systems, and distillation, and have presented the pros and cons of each. If you require a water softening solution for your home, contact the local experts at WaterSmart today.

 

Contact WaterSmart

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Purchased a water softener, price was reasonable, sales staff was very informative and not pushy. Install was quick and clean and he gave instructions on the unit. I would highly recommend Watersmart Systems." - Rob Morgan
Read More Customer Comments
 

Salt-Free Water Softener

 

Salt-free water softeners use potassium chloride instead of sodium chloride during regeneration, using a technology called chelation. According to Hometips.com, this process is actually more of a descaling process than a water softening process. In the chelation process, the metal ions magnesium and calcium (the minerals that cause hard water) are bound to a chelating agent. These minerals are not actually removed from the water, but they are suspended in the water which prevents them from being deposited onto the surfaces of water-using appliances, fixtures, and pipes.

 

Pros:

  • If, for health reasons, you are on a sodium-reduced diet, you may want to consider this type of softener. It is important to note though that most health concerns are related to excessive sodium chloride, not sodium bicarbonate, which is the compound that results from using a salt-based softener.

Cons:

  • Scale can still build up in areas where the water sits, such as inside your water heater.
  • Potassium Chloride is usually more expensive to buy than water softener salt.
  • Generally not as effective as a conventional water softener, however it is better than having no softener at all.

Salt-Based Ion Exchange Softeners

 

Salt-based Ion Exchange Softeners are the most common type of water softener. A salt-based softener works as follows:

  • Hard water (containing positive calcium and magnesium ions) enters your water softener.
  • The negatively charged resin beads attract the positively charged calcium and magnesium ions like a magnet.
  • The positive ions attach to the resin beads as the negative sodium ions on the beads are released into the water, making it soft.
  • After a while, the resin beads will fill up with hardness ions and they won't be able to attract anymore. Your water softener will go offline and salt brine will regenerate the resin beads by washing away the hardness ions and replacing them with a fresh layer of sodium ions.
  • Once the regeneration is finished, the water softener can then go back online and start softening water again.

There are two basic styles of salt-based water softeners: side-by-side units and single canister units.

 

1. Side-By-Side Salt-Based Ion Exchange Softener

 

A side-by-side salt-based ion exchange softener uses two separate tanks: a resin tank and a brine tank. The resin tank is where the main regeneration cycle takes place. It contains resin beads which attract the hard water minerals such as calcium and magnesium like a magnet, effectively removing them from your water. The brine tank contains the water softening salt which is used to regenerate the resin beads.


Pros:

  • Water softener salt is usually less expensive than potassium chloride
  • These units are relatively easy to clean
  • Overall this is the most economical water softening solution when considering initial purchase and maintenance costs


Cons:

  • Some people are concerned about the addition of sodium to the drinking water. However, the amount of sodium added is minimal compared to a healthy person’s normal diet and most health concerns are related to excessive sodium chloride, not sodium bicarbonate which is the compound that results from using a salt-based softener

 

2. Cabinet Ion Exchange Softener

 

The cabinet ion exchange softener has all of the components of a water softener including the salt tank enclosed into a single container.

 

Cons:

  • This type of softener can be very bulky and heavy. You will not want to move it often
  • They can be difficult to clean so you should consider using a very high purity water softener salt in order to cut down on how often you need to clean it. For more information about the different types of water softener salts, check out our infographic

Reverse Osmosis

 

A reverse osmosis system uses a filter that has pores which are large enough for water molecules to pass through, yet small enough to prevent the hardness ions such as calcium and magnesium from passing through. These hard ions are left behind and flushed away with excess water.

 

Pros:

  • Reverse osmosis systems do not need to use salt or potassium chloride to produce soft water, so there are no added ions. This is a good solution for people concerned about additional sodium
  • These systems remove many other harmful chemicals from your water. Click here to find out more. http://watersmartsystems.com/blogs/best-reverse-osmosis-system-canada-2017
  • Many people find that a reverse osmosis system also improves the taste of the water

Cons:

  • The membranes used in the filtering process need to be regularly replaced
  • Uses more water than other softening systems to operate
  • RO units are usually more expensive than ion exchange softeners, but much cheaper than distillers

Distillation

 

Water can also be softened by distillation. This is the process where pure water is separated from the other components found in tap water by evaporation, condensation, and collection of the resulting pure water.

 

Pros:

  • The resulting pure water is free from any hardening minerals as well as other harmful substances.

Cons:

  • Distillers are too expensive and the process takes too long to make them a viable alternative to water softeners and reverse osmosis systems.

The Water Smart Difference

 

WaterSmart has been servicing the KW region for more than two decades, so we understand the special water softening requirements of this area. Our customers have come to recognize us as a company who provides superior customer service combined with the highest quality products at the best prices. Contact the water softener specialists at WaterSmart today.

 

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Best Reverse Osmosis System in Canada 2017

If you are looking for the best reverse osmosis system in Canada, read on. In this post, we will explain what reverse osmosis is, the benefits of a reverse osmosis drinking water system, and introduce you to the best reverse osmosis system in Canada: the Duro reverse osmosis system. At WaterSmart, we have been serving the Kitchener-Waterloo region for more than two decades so we know the special challenges of the water in our area. We sell, service, and install Duro reverse osmosis systems. If you would like to start enjoying the benefits of the highest quality reverse osmosis system, contact us today.

 

 

 

 

Contact WaterSmart

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Absolutely wonderful! After getting many quotes, checking quality of units, warranty and businesses through the BBB, I chose to go with Watersmart Systems. Best equipment, price, warranty, and people!! The gentlemen that came and installed the unit were professional and polite. I will definitely be recommending this company!!"

- Kim Pickles

Read More Customer Comments

 

Why Duro Is The Best Reverse Osmosis System in Canada

 

As one of North America's largest suppliers of water treatment equipment, Duro has over 40 years of experience. They have been the leader in reverse osmosis drinking water technology and have developed cutting edge systems for both residential and commercial use.

 

Features

 

All Duro reverse osmosis systems have the following features:

  • Ultra slim, space saving profile with integrated mounting bracket
  • Simple snap fit cover for ease of service
  • Fast and easy connection fittings
  • Colour coded tubing for simple installation
  • Chrome faucet
  • Highest quality reverse osmosis membrane
  • 25, 50, and 75 gallons per day options
  • Sediment pre-filtration
  • Pre and post carbon block filtration
  • 3/8" tubing from the RO system to tank and faucet for higher flow
  • Storage tank

 

Series lll - Premier Push Button Monitored Reverse Osmosis Systems

 

This is Duro's premier model which comes with a patented Smarttap Push Button Monitor. The Series lll will alert you when it is time to change your membrane. It also includes 3 dedicated sediment and carbon filters.

 

Series ll - Advanded Four-Stage Reverse Osmosis Systems

 

The Series ll model will produce high quality and great tasting drinking water. It uses a separate dedicated sediment and carbon pre-filters which means you will get longer run times between cartridge changes.

 

Series l - Standard Three-Stage Reverse Osmosis Systems

 

Duro's Series l reverse osmosis system uses a combination of sediment/carbon pre-filter as well as a dedicated carbon post-filter. If you are looking for the most economical yet reliable system, or if space is limited, then this system may suit your needs best.

 

What Is Reverse Osmosis?

 

Reverse osmosis (R/O) is a water treatment process which takes tap water and forces it through a semi-permeable membrane that has very small holes or "pores." Clean water then passes through the membrane, however, impurities that are too big to pass through the membrane are left behind and flushed away. Click here to read more about how reverse osmosis works.

 

Benefits Of A Reverse Osmosis System

 

1. Removes Unwanted Substances


Reverse osmosis can remove dissolved solids, salts, and minerals that cause hardness, as well as organic chemicals and other impurities. These impurities include sodium, chloride, copper, chromium, and lead. They may also reduce arsenic, fluoride, radium, sulfate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, nitrate, and phosphorus.

 

The following chart shows the substances that a reverse osmosis drinking system will remove compared to other types of drinking water systems.

 

 

2. Bottled Water Quality At A Fraction Of The Cost

 

The Duro Reverse Osmosis system can provide your family with bottled water quality drinking water at a fraction of the cost. For an average family of four, this drinking water system can produce enough drinking water for about $0.23 per day as compared to delivered water which can cost upwards of $1.25 per day.*

 

*Calculations based on recommended daily drinking allowances. Prices will vary depending on location and market.

 

3. Improves Your Water's Taste


A reverse osmosis drinking system can improve the taste of water for people who do not like the taste of dissolved mineral solids.

 

4. Protects Your Appliances


Water that has been treated by a reverse osmosis system will not produce harmful scale in kettles and coffee makers.

 

5. Helps To Lower Your Sodium or Potassium


For people who are on a medically prescribed sodium- or potassium-restricted diet, a reverse osmosis system may be beneficial, because they remove sodium and potassium from the drinking water.

 

 

Why Purchase From WaterSmart

 

WaterSmart is a locally owned and operated business that has built a solid reputation for high-quality products, excellent prices, and superior customer service. We can answer all of your water and plumbing questions and concerns. If you are wondering about the quality of your water, come to any of our WaterSmart locations and we will test it for you, free of charge. Contact us for all of your home water and plumbing needs.

 

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Water Softener FAQ's Infographic

Have you ever wondered what a water softener does and how it actually works? We have put together a helpful infographic that will answer all of your water softener questions. If you are in the market for a new water softener or if your current water softener doesn't seem to be working as well as it should, contact the water softener experts at WaterSmart. We sell the highest quality water softeners on the market and will install and set them up free of charge. We also do water softener repairs and maintenance. Contact us if you require any repairs or maintenance, or if you have any questions, even if you didn't purchase your water softener from us.

 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Purchased a water softener, price was reasonable, sales staff was very informative and not pushy. Install was quick and clean and he gave instructions on the unit. I would highly recommend Watersmart Systems." - Rob Morgan
Read More Customer Comments
 

Infographic - Water Softener FAQ's

 

The following infographic will answer frequently asked questions about water softeners. If you have further questions, read our FAQ page.

 

 

 

 

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Water Softener Salt Series: How Water Softener Salt Helps Your Water Softener

How does water softener salt help your water softener? Is it necessary and what does it actually do? In this final segment of our Water Softener Salt Series we will answer the question how does water softener salt help your water softener? We will explain the function of salt in the softening process, tell you how you can determine the quality of water softener salt, and help you decide which type of salt to buy. The professionals at WaterSmart systems can answer any and all of your water salt or softener questions. We have been in the home water business in the Kitchener-Waterloo region for more than 25 years, so we know water. Contact us today and let us help you choose the best water softener and salt for your family's needs.

 

 

 

"My wife and I recently purchased a home that did not have a water softener since the house was built. One company advised us to use the plumbing stack for drainage because of the location of the main water pipe, this was understandable. However, Watersmart advised us with a better alternative. Since they were licensed plumbers, they were able to find a location to cut some water pipes, and install the water softener near our laundry drain. They are very skilled professionals, and have great customer service. We also bought a reverse osmosis from them. They gave us detailed instructions on how to operate the softener and reverse osmosis. I would recommend these guys. Thank you Watersmart."

-William - Read more customer comments

 

Do You Need a Water Softener?

 

If you live in an area that has hard water, then you may want to consider purchasing a water softener. Even though hard water is safe to drink it does have some big drawbacks such as:

  • It can cause mineral build ups in your pipes thus damaging them
  • It can cause mineral deposits on appliances such as your hot water tank causing them to wear out faster
  • It is harder on your clothing
  • It requires you to use more soap to get things clean

How Does Water Softener Salt Help Your Water Softener?

 

So how does water softener salt help your water softener? Is it necessary? What does it actually do? Your water softener is made up of two separate chambers. The first chamber is called a resin tank and it contains resin beads. The water softening actually takes place inside the resin tank. The second chamber is called a brine tank and it contains the water softener salt.

 

Resin Beads - By Bugman at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by GcG.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ion Exchange Takes Place To Remove Hardness

 

Water softeners use a chemical process called ion exchange in order to make your hard water soft. Hard water contains minerals or ions such as calcium and magnesium and sometimes manganese, iron, and radium, which make your water hard. The water softener's job is to get rid of these hardness ions and thus leave you with softer water. But how does this happen?

 

Positively Charged Minerals Attach to Negatively Charged Resin Beads

 

Inside your resin tank, you will find negatively charged resin beads which have positively charged sodium ions magnetically attached to them. If you remember from your high school science classes, negative ions are attracted to positive ions. Your water softener pumps your hard water through this bed of resin beads. The positively charged hardness ions are then exchanged with the sodium ions.

 

Salt Brine Washes Away The Hard Ions During Regeneration

 

After a while, the resin beads will fill up with hardness ions and they won't be able to attract anymore. At this point, the beads will need "recharging" or regeneration. Your water softener will go offline and the brine tank will start to work. Salt brine from the brine tank is pumped into the resin tank during regeneration. The salt brine washes away the hardness ions and replaces them with a fresh layer of sodium ions. Once the regeneration is finished, the water softener can then go back online and start softening water again.

 

The following is a great and easy to follow video which explains using helpful diagrams, how water softener salt helps your water softener.

 

 

Do I Need To Purchase High-Quality Water Softener Salt?

 

The cheapest type of water softener salt that you can buy is rock salt. Rock salt is a naturally occurring mineral that is found underground and it contains minerals that can leave a build up in your tank meaning you will need to clean it out a few times per year. Solar salt is created when seawater is evaporated by the sun. It is more soluble than rock salt but it may have difficulty coping with extremely hard water. Evaporated salts are usually the most expensive type of salt, however, they are the purest. They are the least likely to cause a build up in your water softener.

 

 

How Can I Determine The Quality Of A Water Softener Salt?

 

You can tell the quality of water softener salt by looking at its purity. The closer the salt is to 100% pure, the higher the quality. However, the purer the salt, the more expensive it is to buy.

 

Which Type of Salt Should You Buy?

 

The best answer is to ask your water softener dealer which type of salt will work best for your particular brand of water softener. If any type of salt will work equally well then ask yourself the following questions:

  • Are you on a Budget? Rock salt is the least expensive.
  • Do you want your water softener to last longer? Evaporated salt is the purest form of salt so it is less likely to leave a damaging build up.
  • Are you on a reduced sodium diet? Potassium Chloride does not contain sodium so it is the healthier choice for those who are on a restricted sodium diet.

 

Other Articles in our Water Softener Salt Series

 

Water Softener Salt Series: Other Uses for Salts

Water Softener Salt Series: What Is Water Softener Salt And What Does It Do?

Water Softener Salt Series: Top Water Salt Brands

 

 

 

 

 

 

WaterSmart - The Best Choice For Water Softening

 

WaterSmart is a locally owned, family run business that has been servicing the Kitchener, Waterloo, Guelph, Cambridge and surrounding areas for over two decades. We know this area and the unique water challenges it presents. We understand water softeners and we know which type of softener would be the best to meet your particular needs. If you need to purchase a new water softener or if your current softener isn't performing the way it should, contact us. We sell the best water softeners available for our area and we service any other make or model that you may have, even if you didn't purchase your softener from us.

 

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Water Softener Salt Series: Top Water Softener Salt Brands

If you have a water softener, you know that you also need to purchase water softener salt to make it work properly. But what are the top water softener brands, and which one is the best to buy? Just like there are several different types of water softener salt, there are also many different brands of water softener salt that you can buy. So, which one is the best? In this article, we will describe the different types of salt: rock, solar, evaporated, and potassium chloride. We will also discuss how they are different and highlight 5 of the top brands in order to help you make the right choice of water softener salt for all of your needs. If you are interested in purchasing the very best water softener, contact the water softener experts at WaterSmart.

 

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543

 

"My wife and I recently purchased a home that did not have a water softener since the house was built. One company advised us to use the plumbing stack for drainage because of the location of the main water pipe, this was understandable. However, Watersmart advised us with a better alternative. Since they were licensed plumbers, they were able to find a location to cut some water pipes, and install the water softener near our laundry drain. They are very skilled professionals, and have great customer service. We also bought a reverse osmosis from them. They gave us detailed instructions on how to operate the softener and reverse osmosis. I would recommend these guys. Thank you Watersmart."

-William

Read more testimonials

 

Types of Water Softener Salt

 

Not all water softener salt is the same, nor does it come from the same source. Read on to find out the different types of water softener salts available and what the difference is between them.


1. Solar Salt

 


Solar salt, also known as sea salt, is created when seawater is collected in an area and left to dry. The sun evaporates the water leaving behind salt crystals. These crystals are gathered and shipped to markets for various uses. Solar salt dissolves very quickly in water, in fact much faster than other types of water softener salt. Solar salt used for water softeners is usually sold in pellets.

 

2. Evaporated Salt Pellets


Evaporated salt pellets are the purest form of salt. They are created by heating salt in its raw state to remove any moisture and convert it back to pure sodium chloride. Because it is the purest form of salt, evaporated salt pellets are extremely effective at softening hard water according to watersoftener.com.

 

3. Rock Salt


Rock salt comes from salt deposits that have formed underground. The salt is mined to extract it from the earth. It is the rawest form or salt and can contain other minerals as a result of soil erosion over the years. These trace minerals may not fully dissolve in water. Rock salt is the least expensive water softener salt. However, you should be aware that it may leave mineral deposits in your brine tank. The purer the rock salt the less likely that this will be an issue.

 

 

4. Potassium Chloride Pellets


Potassium chloride is not a salt but it can be used instead of water softening salt as a softening agent. It is more expensive than salt, but according to watersoftener.com, it may be a better choice for people who need to restrict the sodium in their diets.

http://www.thewatersoftener.com/best-water-softener-salt-system/

 

Brands

As there are many types of water softener salt, there are also many different brands. Below we have listed what we consider to be the top 5 brands that are available and why we think they are the best.

 

Sifto Premium Plus Rock Salt

Image Source: Sifto Water

  • Crystals that are optimally sized for use in all water softeners
  • High purity
  • Natural hard rock salt
  • Minimizes residue and bridging in water softening units

 

Diamond Crystal - Bright and Soft

Image Source: Riepert Salt

  • 99.8% Pure
  • Virtually 100% Water Soluble
  • Patented "Softener Care Additive"
  • No more clean outs
  • For all types of softeners
  • Resists Bridging and Mushing

 

Windsor System Saver ll

Image source: Riepert Salt

  • 99.5% Pure
  • Increases softener efficiency
  • Dissolves evenly/leaves no residue
  • Eliminates bridging and mushing

 

Diamond Crystal Potassium Chloride

 

 

Image Source: Home Depot

  • Can be used in most water softeners
  • Up to 99.1% pure salt
  • Low insoluble content
  • An alternative to using sodium chloride

Sifto CrystalPlus with Resin Clean

 

Image Source: Sifto Water

  • High-purity compacted salt
  • Proprietary Resin Clean additive extends the life of the water softener by cleaning the resin beads
  • High-quality, 100% natural ingredients minimize residue
  • Effective for all traditional water softeners

 

How Water Softeners Work

 

If you would like to know more about how the salt in a water softener is used to make hard water soft, you can watch the following informative and easy to understand video.

 

Other Articles in our Water Softener Salt Series

 

Water Softener Salt Series: Other Uses for Salts

Water Softener Salt Series: What Is Water Softener Salt And What Does It Do?

Water Softener Salt Series: How Water Softener Salt Helps Your Water Softener

 

 

Why Choose WaterSmart

 

WaterSmart is a locally owned business that knows and understands the hard water challenges of the Kitchener-Waterloo, Cambridge and surrounding areas. Contact the water softener experts with any of your water questions. We are always happy to answer you and help you find the best home water solutions for your family.

 

 

Sources

 

Using the Best Water Softener Salt for your System

 

Softener Salt - Your Burning Questions Answered

 

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Water Softener Salt Series: What Is Water Softener Salt And What Does It Do?

Have you ever wondered what is water softener salt and what does it do? We have put together a helpful infographic that will answer all of your water softener salt questions, such as what exactly does the water softener salt do, are there different types of water softener salt and how often should you add salt to your water softener? If you are in the market for a new water softener or if you current water softener doesn't seem to be working as well as it should, contact the water softener experts at WaterSmart. We sell the highest quality water softeners on the market and will install and set them up free of charge. We also do water softener repairs and maintenance. Contact us, even if you didn't purchase your water softener from us, if you require any repairs or maintenance or if you have any questions.

 

Contact WaterSmart

 

Kitchener 519-745-3170    Waterloo 519-886-7331   Cambridge 519-886-7331

Guelph 519-836-2543


"Purchased a water softener, price was reasonable, sales staff was very informative and not pushy. Install was quick and clean and he gave instructions on the unit. I would highly recommend Watersmart Systems." - Rob Morgan
Read More Customer Comments
 

Infographic - What Is Water Softener Salt?

 

The following infographic will answer the question, "What is water softener salt." If you have further questions, read our page which talks about water softener salt.

 

 

Other Articles in our Water Softener Salt Series

 

Water Softener Salt Series: Other Uses for Salts

Water Softener Salt Series: Top Water Salt Brands

Water Softener Salt Series: How Water Softener Salt Helps Your Water Softener

 

Source: http://watersmartsystems.com/Water-Softener-Salt.htm

 

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